Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World
Nowadays, it has been a hobby to climb the highest mountains in the World. Earlier, there was a tradition that whoever reaches the summit of Mount Everest would place a flag from which country he belongs to. This tradition is followed nowadays also but very certainly. Many people know Mount Everest and the second-highest K2, but the third one Kangchenjunga, no one knows about it, or even how to spell it. So friends, How many of you knew about the Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World?
It is amusing to know that there are approx. 109 mountains on our planet having elevations greater than 7200 meters above sea level. Every Year many tourists are attracted to these snow-capped mountains. We have mentioned our best-of information and interesting facts about the Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World. Let’s take a look at it.
10. Annapurna Massive
Elevation: 8091m (26,545 ft)
Annapurna Massive is located in the Himalayas of Nepal. This Himalayas includes one high peak which is over 8,000 meters (26,000ft), and 13 peaks which are over 7,000metres (23,000ft), including 16 more peaks which have a height over 6,000metres (20,000ft). This massive is bounded by the deepest gorge in the World which is known as Kali Gandaki gorge.
What is special about Annapurna Massive?
This massive is first of the eight-thousanders to be climbed and to be conquered at the first try itself to 8000-metre peak. This entire massive is protected and surrounded by the first and largest conservation of Nepal, The Annapurna Conservation Area, which is around 7,629-square-kilometre (2,946 sq mi).
9. Nanga Parbat
Elevation: 8,126 m (26,660 ft)
Nanga Parbat is known regionally as Diamer. It is given its name because it located in Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is the western anchor of the Himalayas. The mountains ridge is composed of ice as well as rocks. This mountain was discovered by Europeans, the accessibility and attempts to summit Nanga Parbat began soon after that.
What is special about Nanga Parbat?
The Nanga Parbat is also known in English as “Naked Mountain”. The meaning of its local Tibetan name Diamer is “huge mountain”. Nanga Parbat is also known as Diamer is difficult to climb the mountain as it is also one of the 14-eight-thousanders. Because of a High number of climbing fatalities, Nanga Parbat is also known as Killer Mountain.
Elevation: 8,163 m (26,781 ft)
Manaslu is at a height of 8,163 meters (26,781 ft) above sea level. It is part of the Nepalese Mountains, situated in the western-central part of Nepal. Manaslu was first climbed by two members of the Japanese expedition on May 9, 1956, were Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu. Manaslu is situated about 64km east of Annapurna and is known as the highest peak in the Gorkha district.
What is special about Manaslu?
The name Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa, meaning “soul” or “intellect” means “mountain of the spirit”. Manaslu is special for the various offers in trekking. The most popular Manaslu trekking route is over the pass down to Annapurna which is 177km (110mi). The highest point along the route of trekking is Larkya La which is at an elevation of 5,106 meters (16,752 ft).
Manaslu peak is worthy of trekking but it has many fatalities too. As Record of 2008, Manaslu was climbed 297 times, but with 53 fatalities.
Elevation: 8,167 m (26,795 ft)
Dhaulagiri is situated west of the Bheri from the Kaligandaki river which extends up to 120km (70mi). Dhaulagiri peak is situated at an elevation of 8,167 m (26,795 ft) above sea level, making it the 7th highest mountain in the World. This peak was first climbed by the Austrian/Swiss/Nepal expedition on 13 May 1960.
What is special about Dhaulagiri?
The first climber of Dhaulagiri is Kurt Diemberger, Austrian men, who also became the only remaining person alive to make it in just two ascents on the two 8,000 meter peaks in History of the World.
6. Cho Oyu
Location: Nepal (Province No. 1)–China (Tibet)
Elevation: 8,188 m (26,864 ft)
Cho Oyu is situated at 8,188 meters (26,864 ft) above sea level, making it the sixth-highest mountain in the World. In Tibetan, Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess”. This mountain is the westernmost peak of the Khumbu sub-section, 20-km west of Mount Everest.
What is special about Manaslu?
Cho Oyu is considered the easiest of the eight-thousanders, because of its lowest death ratio which is 1/25th of Annapurna. It is also considered as the second most climbed after Mount Everest but considering it as the easiest of fourteen 8,000 meter peaks, climbing is strenuous and a high standard of fitness is required. Cho Oyu is ideal as a peak to experience for the first-timers.
Elevation: 8,485 metres (27,838 ft).
Makalu is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet Autonomous range, China which is 19km southeast of Mount Everest. Makalu is one of the eight-thousanders whose shape is a four-sided pyramid. The first summit of Makalu was done by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco on May 15, 1955.
Makalu peak was first climbed by an American team which was led by Riley Keegan in the spring of 1954. Kangchungtse (7678m) is a main peak of Makalu which lies about 3 km (1.9 mi) north-west of the main summit.
Elevation: 8,516 m (27,940 ft)
Lhotse peak has an elevation of 8,516 meters (27,940 ft) above sea level, making it the fourth-highest mountain in the World. The mountain comprises smaller peaks in addition to the main summit at 8,516 meters (27,940 ft) above sea level. The main summit is situated between the border between the Khumbu region of Nepal and China.
The first attempt was headed by Norman Dyhrenfurth in 1955 under International Himalayan Expedition. Another summit was climbed by team of Swiss included Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger which as performed under Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse expedition.
This peak is also fatal because in 2008, 367 climbers summited while 20 of them died during the attempt to summit.
Location: Sikkim and Nepal
Elevation: 8,586 m (28,169 ft)
Kangchenjunga also called Kanchenjunga rises at an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft), making it the 3rd highest mountain in the World. Kanchenjunga mountain is delimited in the east by the Teesta River, and in the west by the Tamur River. This mountain lies between Nepal and Sikkim. Kanchenjunga Mountain has a total of 5 peaks, three peaks (Main, Central, and South) are directly on the border, and two peaks in Nepal’s Taplejung District.
Kanchenjunga was first summited by Joe Brown and George Band on 25th May 1955 under the 1955 British Kanchenjunga Expedition. They both followed the promise given by the Chogyal that the top of the mountain would remain intact. This tradition was followed by every climber or climbing group who reached the summit.
2. K2, Karakoram
Location: China-Pakistan Border
Elevation: 8,611 metres (28,251 ft)
K2, Karakoram has an elevation of 8,611 m (28,251 ft), making it the second-highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest which is at 8848m (29,029 ft). It is located between a mountainous region which is Baltistan of northern Pakistan on the China-Pakistan Border.
K2 is the deadliest among the top five highest mountains in the World. It is also called the “Savage Mountain” because George Bell, a climber of the 1953 America Expedition informed reporters that “It’s a savage mountain that tries to kill you”.
K2 is difficult and deadliest than Mount Everest because of more inclement weather. As of 2018, there have been 86 deaths during the attempt of climbing the mountain and 367 people climbed and completed the ascent.
1. Mount Everest
Elevation: 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft)
Mount Everest has an elevation of 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft), making it the highest mountain in the World. Mt Everest is situated in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. Across the summit point of Mount Everest, runs the China-Nepal borderline.
The first recorded attempt to achieve Mt Everest was done by Britishers. But, this record remains unsuccessful as Nepal did not allow to enter the country at that time, so the British made many attempts from the north ridge route from the Tibetan side.
What is special about Mount Everest?
The highest point to achieve on Earth is to summit Mount Everest which has an elevation of 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft). The mountain was named before a former Surveyor General of India- George Everest in the 19th Century.