The World is filled with numerous Archaeological and historical places. These places have many secrets buried inside them. People like us have made these places thousands of years ago and these places are still standing among us because of the materials used for making, and so on. Some places are studied by Archaeologists and scientists to get to know some information like Who actually built these places? And when? We have done the research and listed down the Top 10 Most Popular Historical Places In The World.
The carvings on those places and some symbols made in these historical places portray every religion for which these historical places were made.
What materials were used for the construction of these historical places?
Materials like limestone, Granite, Mortar, Basalt, Tapia (rammed earth), Soapstone, and concrete were used thousands of years ago to build these historical places. Volcanic Basalt and travertine limestone were also used for making these places more precious.
Let’s take a look at the Top 10 Most Popular Historical Places In The World.
1. MACHU PICCHU
Founded: c. 1450
Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Incan Empire citadel, which is located at a height of 7,970 feet (2,430 meters), and located in the Cusco Region, Eastern Cordillera of southern Peru. It is in one of the 13 Cusco Province Urubamba Province located in Machupicchu District. It generated a canyon when the Urubamba River passed it by cutting through Cordillera with a tropical mountain.
Most Archaeologists say that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate property of the Incan Empire for the Inca Emperor Pachacuti. This most familiar icon of Incan Civilization is referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”.
What is the specialty of Machu Picchu and why visit?
Machu Picchu is located at the height of 7,970 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountains, Isn’t It Amazing? We can actually touch clouds up there. This place is declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and is the most visited tourist destination in Peru. It was named one of the New 7 Wonders in the World.
Location: Ma’an Governorate, Jordan.
Founded: Possibly as early as the 5th century BC.
Petra is known to its residents of Raqmu. It is an archeological and historical city located in the south of Jordan. Petra is situated around Jabal Al-Madbah, in a basin-type structure surrounded by Mountains. These mountains form in an Arabah valley that runs from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba.
Petra was built by Nabateans. Nabateans are believed to have lived a Nomadic lifestyle at an early age. Petra was early like a place of tents and simple structures. Petra is also sometimes referred to as a Lost City, because Petra was completely lost to the Western World, in spite of being an important City.
What is the specialty of Petra and why visit?
Petra is famous for its rock-cut architecture and famous water conduit technology. This city is called “Rose City” because of the color of the carved stone. It has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. Petra is known as one of the precious cultural properties of man. Nearly, 905,402 tourists visit Petra last year as of 2022.
3. THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA
Location: Greater Cairo, Egypt.
Founded: c. 2580–2560 BC (4th dynasty)
The Great Pyramid of Giza (also called the Pyramid of Cheops) is the largest of three Egyptian Pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex and it is the oldest pyramid too. This pyramid is located in Giza in Greater Cairo, Egypt. It is the oldest of all 7 wonders of the Ancient World.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is made from limestone, Granite, Mortar, and Basalt. Because of the Highly-polished limestone, the pyramid shines bright.
Who really built “The Pyramid of Giza”?
According to the National Research Centre team, who are scientists and doctors, they scanned by X-ray to find out evidence inside the pyramid about Age. They found out something very fascinating the age of the dead workers was around 30-35, these workers actually build “The Pyramid of Giza”.
What is the specialty of “The Great Pyramid of Giza” and why visit?
The Pyramid is the oldest and strongest of all remaining 7 wonders of the Ancient World. It’s Unbelievable that this pyramid is build using over 2 Million stone blocks that would be weighed over 2 to 250 tons, how were these blocks transported? This remains a mystery.
4. ANGKOR WAT, CAMBODIA
Location: Siem Reap, Cambodia
Founded: 12th century
Angkor Wat is a Temple structure complex situated in Cambodia and is referred to as the largest religious monument in the World. It is placed on a huge site measuring 162.6 hectares (1,626,000 m2; 402 acres). This temple was originally constructed as a Hindu Temple and is totally dedicated to Lord Vishnu for the Angkor Empire. It was transferred to a Buddhist temple at the end of the 12th Century and then described as Hindu-Buddhist Temple.
What was “Angkor Wat” made of?
Angkor Wat was constructed with blocks of sandstone. The wall is 15 feet high and is surrounded by a wild MOAT (a moat is a deep broad ditch either dry or filled with water that surrounds a castle).
What is the specialty of Angkor Wat and why visit?
Angkor Wat is an expensive and enormous Hindu-Buddhist complex, located in Cambodia, built in the 12th Century as a Hindu temple, this temple is one of the largest historical monuments in the World and is spread around 400 acres.
5. BAGAN, MYANMAR
Founded: mid-to-late 9th century
Bagan is an ancient archaeological historical City and UNESCO-approved World Heritage Site located in the administrative division (Mandalay Region) of Myanmar. During the 11th and 13th Centuries, numerous pagodas, monasteries, and nearly 4,446 Buddhist temples were constructed in the Bagan plains, of which some pagodas and 3,822 temples are still present.
The Bagan temple is known for its Southeast Asian Architectural style. The Bagan Historical zone is the main attraction for Myanmar’s Tourism. Bagan is spread over a huge area of 104 km2 (40 sq mi)
What is the specialty of Bagan and why visit?
Bagan is very famous for its Ancient old pagodas and thousands of old Buddhist temples and stupas stretching into the horizon. In the earlier century, 50 Buddhist Kingdoms ruled the Bagan Dynasty.
Location: Wiltshire, England
Founded: Bronze Age
Stonehenge is an archaeological and prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England. The structure of Stonehenge consists of a ring of standing stones, each stone has 13 feet (4.0 m) in height and 7 feet (2.1 m) in width, and they weigh around 25 tons. These stones were set as a result of earthworks in the middle Neolithic and Bronze Ages.
Where the Stones came from?
Archaeologists have solved the mystery of Stones that these stones were dragged nearly 150 Miles from where they actually were placed. The inner rocks of Stonehenge would also be dragged from their original location 150 miles away.
What is the specialty of “Stonehenge”?
Stonehenge is a prehistoric and architecturally enlightened stone circle in the World. These stones help visitors or tourists to get to know about the Neolithic and Bronze Ages.
Location: Granada, Andalusia, Spain
Alhambra is a historical palace of fortress complex situated in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It was primarily built as a small castle in 889 AD and it was ignored until it was rebuilt in the 13th Century by Nasrid emir Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar, who built this fortress in a beautiful way, taking into mind every complicated detail. It was afterward converted into a royal palace by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada.
The name Alhambra depicts “the red” which probably derives from the reddish color of the Tapia (rammed earth) of which the outer walls were built.
What is the specialty of “Alhambra”?
The Alhambra is declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is inspired by many stories and songs. This monument is open every day of the year but leaves on the 25th of December and the 1st of January. This palace is a great photography location.
8. CHRIST THE REDEEMER
Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Christ the Redeemer is a historical statue of Jesus Christ situated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This historical sculpture was created by French Monument Sculptor Paul Landowski, and built by a Brazilian Civil Engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in partnership with Albert Caquot. The face was fashioned and designed by the Romanian Sculpture Gheorghe Leonida.
This statue is 98 feet (30 meters) in height, which excludes 26 feet (8 meters) pedestal height. The arms are stretched 92 feet (28 meters) in width. This statue is made using soapstone and concrete. It has an outer shell made of 6 million Soapstone tiles.
What is the specialty of “Christ the Redeemer”?
Being situated at the top level of Corcovado Mountain in Rio de Janeiro, Christ the Redeemer is the most beautiful and photographed place in the World. No doubt, it is one of the most recognizable historical monuments in the World.
Location: Rome, Italy
Founded: 70–80 AD
Colosseum is also referred to as Flavian Amphitheater, it has a structure like an oval amphitheater and is situated in the mid of City Rome, Italy. Colosseum was the largest amphitheater built at that time. Construction began under the Roman Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD, and it was finally completed in 80 AD under Roman Emperor Titus, which was his heir and successor. Further many modifications were made.
Colosseum is made with travertine limestone, Volcanic Rock, and concrete, finally, because of its fascinating and huge structure, it became one of the most photographed and largest amphitheaters worldwide.
What is the specialty of the Colosseum and why visit?
Colosseum has 50000 to 80000 visitors yearly at an early age. Now it targets an average of 65,000 audiences. This amphitheater is worth visiting because it exposes us to new cultures and experiences and makes the world a more fascinating place. Visiting Rome, Italy would be incomplete if you would not visit Colosseum.
10. THE ELLORA CAVES
Location: Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
Founded: 757-783 AD
Ellora Caves is the archaeological and historical UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. It is one of the largest cut-caves monuments worldwide. This Site features the monuments of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jain. It is an amazing artwork from the 600–1000 CE period. Cave16 consists of the large largest rock excavation temple, Kailasha Temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Ellora Caves is made with Volcanic basalt rock, including 32 caves and rock-cut temples inside it. These were largely produced during the reign of the Kalachuri dynasty in the 6th and 7th centuries CE.
What is the specialty of Ellora Caves and why visit?
Ellora Caves has three religious monuments such as Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain, it makes people visit various cities and countries. There are a total of 17 Hindu caves, 12 Buddhist and five Jain caves with deities, there are numerous carvings that portray the mystery and mythology of every religion.
These are the Top 10 Most Popular Historical Places In The World.